These Jewish feasts matter to us as Christians because God commanded it. God choose Israel as His people and His Son was born a Jew and followed the Torah to the letter of the law. He fulfilled the Torah; thereby, making it possible for us to experience His victory.
In Lev. 25: 1-4 says:
The Lord said to Moses at Mount Sinai, 2 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give you, the land itself must observe a Sabbath to the Lord. 3 For six years sow your fields, and for six years prune your vineyards and gather their crops. 4 But in the seventh year the land is to have a year of Sabbath rest, a Sabbath to the Lord. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards.
God set these appointed times and commanded the Shemita. It was important to God and its important to us. It affects the world God created. The Feast days are God’s appointed times set up in a Divine Order. The Spring Feasts: Passover (Pesach), Unleavened Bread (Chag Hamotzi), and First Fruits (Yom Habikkurim) have been fulfilled in Jesus’ first coming. We are living in the fulfillment of Pentecost (Shavu’ot).
The first four feasts on God’s Divine Calendar were fulfilled in order so there is no reason to believe that the final three to be fulfilled would not be fulfilled in order. That being said the next three are: The Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah), The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and The Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot).
The Spring feasts were not only memorials to events in the life of Israel but they were also prophetic in scope. Passover was fulfilled through Christ’s death. The Feast of Unleavened Bread was fulfilled through Christ’s burial, and the Feast of First Fruits was fulfilled in Christ’s resurrection. The Feast of Pentecost was fulfilled with the birth of the church. There are three main prophetic events yet to be fulfilled: The Rapture, The Tribulation, and the Millennial Reign of Christ.
When you research the themes of the Fall Feasts you find that they fit perfectly with the three prophetic events yet to be fulfilled.
Before we get into the Feasts of Israel, let us look at one more revelation that God reminds us to look for.
The Bible tells us a few things about the heavens.
Job 9:9 who made the Bear and Orion, the Pleiades and the chambers of the south;
Job 38:31 – 32 “Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades? Can you loosen Orion’s belt? Can you bring forth the constellations in their seasons or lead out the Bear with its cubs?
Amos 5:8 He who made the Pleiades and Orion, who turns midnight into dawn and darkens day into night, who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out over the face of the land– the LORD is his name.
Is. 40:26 Lift up your eyes and look to the heavens: Who created all these? He who brings out the starry host one by one and calls forth each of them by name. Because of his great power and mighty strength, not one of them is missing.
Ps. 19:1-4 The heavens declare the glory of God;
the skies proclaim the work of his hands.
Day after day they pour forth speech;
night after night they reveal knowledge.
They have no speech, they use no words;
no sound is heard from them.
Yet their voiceb goes out into all the earth,
their words to the ends of the world.
Look at what Psalm 19 says about the heavens: they DECLARE the glory of God, they PROCLAIM the work of His hands, they POUR FORTH SPEECH, and they REVEAL knowledge. All of this without words or sound yet their voice goes out to the ends of the world. Paul attests to that in Rom. 10:17-18.
The commentary in the Stone Edition of the Torah says, “The luminaries created on the first day, were set in place on the fourth. Indeed, all the potentials of heaven and earth were created on the first day but each was set in place on the day it was so commanded. (Rashi). It goes on to say that they are signs of God’s greatness in 2 ways:
1) They heavenly bodies are constant reminders of His omnipresence,
2) They sometimes diverge from their natural course to comply with God’s will, as when the sun stopped for Joshua.
The lights/lamps do three things:
1) Divide night and day
2) To serve: as signs – extraordinary events (Mt. 2:2; Lk. 21:25)
Divine judgments (Joel 2:30; Jer. 10:2; Mt. 24:29)
changes in the weather
for seasons – for appointed (fixed) times – feasts, harvest, etc.
regulate agriculture, navigation, animal life, etc. Jer. 8:7
days and years
3) As lamps on the earth (everything on earth is dependent on the sun and its cycles).
It is important to note that a Jewish perspective of time is spiral. Each year we see a complete turn of the cycle of life. Each point touches the point of the cycle before it; although in a slightly different way. Every Rosh Hashanah, every time the earth hits that point in which its makes a cycle around the sun, a new year is created. A new year is a new revelation.
Now while, these celestial (like the new moon) events mark the appointed times and we can learn a lot from them; they do not predict daily or hourly events because it would violate Lev. 19:26 which takes about omens and divination.
Wow!!! So we know that God reveals things in the heavens. Well then, what are the heavens saying?