Rosh Hashanah – The Head of the Year

119978_pcWe have heard of the Jewish New Year known as Rosh Hashanah.  However, it is The Feast of Trumpets or Yom Teruah.  Rosh Hashanah is known by many names  and each idiom is another part of the day’s relevance. much like Thanksgiving day in American can be called Turkey Day. As we look at each name, you will see how the names relate to the next event on the prophetic calendar – the Rapture.

1. Rosh Hashanah – The Head of the Year
The religious calendar, which regulated the festivals, began in the spring, in accordance with God’s command at the time of the Exodus: “This month shall be for you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year for your” (Ex 12:2; cf. Deut 16:1). The first month in the religious year was the month in which the Israelites left Egypt and celebrated Passover, the feast of their redemption. It was originally called Abib “the month of the ears,” but after the Babylonian exile was named Nisan. It began on the New Moon of March or April.
The civil and agricultural year, as well as the sabbatical and jubilee years, began in the autumn with the seventh month, which after the Babylonian exile became known as Tishri. If it seems strange that the Jews should begin their civil year on the seventh month, it may be well to remember that even in our society the fiscal year for many organizations begins in other months than January.

2. Yom Teruah – The Feast of Trumpets, The Awakening Blast

I need to bring up something about how a Jewish rabbi views Scripture. There are always levels of interpretation and application and even fulfillment of prophecy:
Peshat – the plain or primary meaning – taking it at “face value.”196565_254794121308934_179761225_n
Remez – the allegorical; linking concepts and ideas.
Drash – the level of homiletic, personal application. Word Drash means to explain, to inquire.
Sod – the mystical level; searching for deeper and more intimate meaning.
Just remember this as we go along in discussing the feasts, and the end times.

The three feasts yet to be fulfilled are:
Yom Teruah – the world is judged for a coming year
Yom Kippur – God seals the fate of people
Succoth – The time of the final harvest
Prophetic events not yet fulfilled:
The Rapture and Resurrection (share the patterns of Yom Teruah)
The Tribulation (share the patterns of Yom Kippur)
The Millennial Reign (share the patterns of The Feast of Tabernacles)

We see through God’s moed (Hebrew for “appointed times”) there is a Divine Order to the year.  As we look to feasts fulfilled, we realize that they were fulfilled in order through Jesus, in a Divine Order.  So it seems highly likely that God will continue to operate in His Divine Order; meaning the next feasts to be fulfilled are Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur, and Succoth. Prophetically they are the Rapture, the Tribulation and the Millennial Reign. So as a church, we are now in Pentecost or Shavout coming to the rapid end of the Long Summer headed toward Yom Teruah. The church age will conclude at the Feast of Trumpets of some unknown year.

Many people don’t believe in the Rapture and I do understand why. There are many theories and there are scriptures that can be used to prove which ever theory one concludes.  However, one thing I have learned in studying scripture is that there are patterns for everything.  God seems to set a pattern and follow it through to it’s conclusion.  Another reason some tend to conclude there is no Rapture is because it is not mentioned in the Bible.  However, with a closer look one sees that it is mentioned in the Bible and the pattern goes from the Old Testament through the New Testament.  We will look at that whole discussion at another time.  Suffice it to say that there is a picture for the Rapture in the Bible.
There are four main reasons why the Rapture will probably take place during Yom Teruah.
1. The patterns found in Yom Teruah:
Some of them were already mentioned in our discussions about the New Moon and how it was sanctified.  It also explains one of the reasons “no man knows the day or the hour” (Mt. 24:36; Ps. 81:3; Ps. 47:5 quoted in 1 Thess. 4:16).

2.  The Hebrew names (idioms) given to Yom Teruah:
We are in the process of discussing them now.

3. The symbolism found in Yom Teruah:
Primarily the trumpets and the blasts themselves.

4. The order of the three fall feasts :
There is a Divine Order to the fulfillment of the Jewish year.  This also points strongly to a Pre-Tribulation Rapture.

Yom Teruah has three primary themes:
1. Ressurection of the righteous – the church is resurrected in the Rapture.
2. Kingship of the Lord – the church is to see Jesus’ coronation as King.
3. Marriage – the church at the marriage supper of the Lamb in Heaven.

Yom Teruah is the only feast that all the names and themes point to the return of Christ, the Bride of Christ, the Kingship of Christ, and the gates being opened. Yom Teruah gives a full picture of the catching away and the gathering of saints together; Jn. 14:1-3.

Now, Yom Teruah is the day of blowing Shofars.  So obviously shofars are important on this day and we know trumpets are important for the End Times.  Over 100 trumpets blast on Yom Teruah.

Yom Teruah is known as the Last Trump – 1 Cor. 15:52 and Yom Kippur is known as the Great Trump Mat. 24:31.

yom-teruahOn Yom Teruah there are four types of Shofar Blast:
Tekiah – to awaken: It is one continuous sound that extends for several beats (at least a musical measure).  The tekiah is the sound that announces God’s intent to establish His righteous boundaries in an area or arena He wants to occupy.

Shevarim – to be broken:  They function similar to quarter notes in a measure of music in ¾ time.  The shevarim is a breaking sound.  It announces God’s intent to breakthrough barriers and shatter resistance to his will.

Teruah – to sound an alarm:  It is a sound that awakens and draws immediate and focused attention to what God is doing.  The sound is made up of nine staccato blasts (a musical measure of eighth notes in ¾ time).  The teruah is the sound used to sharply announce God’s arrival on the scene.

Tekiah Hagedolah – last and longest (it crescendos):  There is also a special class of tekiah called the tekiah Hagdolah (gdole-AH) which translates as a “great tekiah.”  It is a single unbreaking sound that extends for several (sometimes many) measures.  Since it is such a commanding sound it is used to announce and/or complete a series of shofar sounds.  The tekiah Hagdolah declares the full and complete extension of God’s glory and domain.

1 Thess. 4:16 refers to a trump when Jesus comes
1 Cor. 15:51-52 refers to the Last Trump
Rev. 11:15; 10:7 refer to a trumpet (one concerning the Judgment seat of Christ and the other to tell the revelation of God is complete).

With the scripture in Rev. 11:15 some conclude a mid-trib Rapture.  There is about a 40 year difference between John writing Revelation and Paul writing to the Corinthians.  Paul didn’t need to explain to the Jews what the Last Trump was because they already knew.  The Last Trump is the final Tekiah Hagedolah sounded at the end of Yom Teruah. We see the picture of this in Exodus 19:13-20 – this is a picture of the Rapture: The Lord comes down and the people go up.  Paul is not talking about the seventh trumpet in Revelation.  Paul talks about the “trump of God will sound” and John in Revelation mentions the trumpets given to angels to sound during the Tribulation period.  The Last Trump Paul speaks of is an allusion to the Last Trump of Yom Teruah the Tekiah Hagedolah.

There is so much more concerning the shofar and the end times, but it requires its own shofar study.  The shofar blast is the sound of God and His people; the sound of victory; the sound of the alpha and omega.

Well, that is all for today but we will continue with shofars tomorrow. Blessings.

2 thoughts on “Rosh Hashanah – The Head of the Year

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