Yom HaDin – The Day of Judgment
Another name for Rosh HaShanah is Yom HaDin, the Day of Judgment. Jewish tradition says that on this day, God would sit in court, and all men would pass before Him to be judged. Three great books will be opened as each man is weighed in the balance and placed into one of three categories (Talmud, Rosh HaShanah 6b). It has been taught that the school of Shammai says that there will be three classes on the final Day of Judgment, one of the wholly righteous, one of the wholly wicked, and one of the intermediates (or the “in-between).
In terms of a pre-Tribulation Rapture, the categories would be as follows:
1. The totally righteous are those who keep the Word of God (Rev. 12:17)
The righteous are separated and will be with God. This is known to Bible believers as the rapture, which in Hebrew, is the natzal (more on that later).
a. During the tribulation, they are sealed and protected by God from the Antichrist and God’s judgment.
b. The 144,000 are sealed with God’s seal of protection (Rev. 7:1-3)
c. They have kept the commandments of the Lord (Rev. 12:17)
2. The totally unrighteous are those who take the mark. Rev. 16:2
The wicked will face the wrath of God during the tribulation period (Yamim Nora’im), known in Hebrew as the Chevlai shel Mashiach, and will never repent. Once you are written in the book of the wicked, you can never get out of it (Revelation 17:8). These are people who never, ever, will accept the Messiah Yeshua. 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12 says:
The coming of the lawless one is by the activity of Satan with all power and false signs and wonders, and with all wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. Therefore God sends them a strong delusion, so that they may believe what is false, in order that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
They refuse to believe the truth; thereby, refusing to be saved. They are doomed by their choice to refuse God through Jesus.
a. There is a “doomed” group who worship the beast (Rev. 19:20-21)
b. These will not repent despite the judgments (Rev. 9:20; 16:9-11)
3. The neither righteous nor unrighteous are those who will make a decision during the Tribulation. Rev. 7:14
The ones who miss the Rapture and must repent to get into the Book of Life. They are the “in between”. In the Greek, it seems to indicate they had a knowledge of God but were not prepared to meet the Lord in the Rapture. They have to make their robes white. As Christians, now our garments are spotless and clean. (Mt. 25:1-13; Rev. 3:4)
The “in between” person has until Yom Kippur till his fate is sealed forever. In other words, the “in between” person will have until the end of the seven-year tribulation to repent and turn to God. The “in between” person on Rosh HaShanah is judged by God and is neither written in the book of life or the book of the wicked. His fate is yet to be decided. The “in between” person and the wicked have to go through the “Awesome Days,” the tribulation, until they reach Yom Kippur (the end of the tribulation when their fate is sealed forever).
Chose between the mark or martyrdom (Rev. 20:4)
Choice between life and death is theme of Yom Kippur
There are 12 months in the year, and there are 12 tribes in Israel. Every month of the Jewish year has its representative tribe. The month of Tishrei is the month of the tribe of Dan. This is of symbolic significance, for when Dan was born to Bilhah, Rachel’s maid, Rachel said, “God hath judged me [dannani], and hath also heard my voice…” (Genesis [Bereishit] 30:6). Dan and din (as in Yom HaDin, Day of Judgment) are both derived from the same root, symbolizing that Tishrei is the time of Divine judgment and forgiveness.